Monthly Archives August 2015

Irish is a Celtic language spoken in mainly Ireland

Irish (Gaeilge) Irish is a Celtic language spoken in mainly Ireland (Éire). There are also Irish speakers in the UK (Ríocht Aontaithe), the USA (Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá), Canada (Ceanada) and Australia (an Astráil). According to the 1996 census, 1.43 million people in Ireland claim to have some knowledge of Irish, 353,000 of whom speak it regularly. The main concentrations of Irish speakers are in the Gaeltachtaí, which are scattered mainly along the west coast of Ireland and have a total population of 82,715, 76.3% of whom speak Irish. Names of the language Irish is known as Irish, Gaelic or Irish Gaelic
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The Book of Kells and Illuminated Manuscripts

The Book of Kells is an illuminated manuscript from the eighth century. It is currently located at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland. The images and icons in this book of gospels are Christian; however, the decorative style of the work is pre-Christian in origin. Since the decorations show both Irish and Germanic influences, they are referred to as Hiberno-Saxon art. The Book of Kells is called an insular manuscript, because its script is in a style known as “Insular majuscule,” a style which was common in Ireland between the seventh and ninth centuries. The Book of Kells represents a high
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THE IRISH IN THE UNITED STATES BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR

The emigration of the Irish to the United States in the mid-19th Century has sometimes been referred to as “from the frying pan into the fire.  Conditions which motivated the Irish to leave their homeland were deplorable in both the social and the economic sense, and those in which they lived in the new country were hardly much better. In the first few decades of the 19th Century, the population of Ireland experienced a rapid increase which was accompanied by a decrease in the land under cultivation.  This caused a recurrence of severe rural distress, a condition from which the Irish suffered earlier during famines of
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The Potato Famine of 1845

Starting in 1845 the farmers of Ireland no longer owned their land, it was taken over by the British and all the farmland had been turned into English plantations. The farmers who had been used to working for themselves had now become tenants on their own land. At this time in Ireland the potato was the most important crop throughout the whole county and Ireland had very little crop diversity. The potato farmers were very reliant on getting good crops from their land; some of this crop was sold to pay the rent and the rest was used to feed their
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